Role of Biostatistics
Our first course objective will be addressed throughout the semester in that you will be adding to your understanding of biostatistics in an ongoing manner during the course.
What is Biostatistics?
Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a variety of topics in biology. In this course, we tend to focus on biological topics in the health sciences as we learn about statistics.
In an introductory course such as ours, there is essentially no difference between “biostatistics” and “statistics” and thus you will notice that we focus on learning “statistics” in general but use as many examples from and applications to the health sciences as possible.
Statistics is all about converting data into useful information. Statistics is therefore a process where we are:
- collecting data,
- summarizing data, and
- interpreting data.
The following video adapted from material available from Johns Hopkins – Introduction to Biostatistics provides a few examples of statistics in use.
The following reading from the online version of Little Handbook of Statistical Practice contains excellent comments about common reasons why many people feel that “statistics is hard” and how to overcome them! We will suggest returning to and reviewing this document as we cover some of the topics mentioned in the reading.
Steps in a Research Project
In practice, every research project or study involves the following steps.
- Planning/design of study
- Data collection
- Data analysis
The following video adapted from material available at Johns Hopkins – Introduction to Biostatistics provides an overview of the steps in a research project and the role biostatistics and biostatisticians play in each step.